Anarchy and Crisis Coins [Part 2] (217 - 238 AD)

After the murders of Balbinus and Pupienus in AD 238, the Praetorian Guards and the Senate acclaimed Gordian III, grandson of Gordian I, as emperor. He held on to power until AD 244 thanks to the support of a powerful Praetorian Prefect named Timesitheus. Gordian had some success against the Danubian tribes and Persians but he could not rely on the support of the army after Timesitheus died in AD 243. Gordian was killed in battle while fighting the Persians near the Euphrates in AD 244. His death was caused by Philip, the new Praetorian Prefect, who cut off troop supplies in the heat of battle. Philip, who was acclaimed emperor by the troops, declared that Gordian had died from an illness. The next forty years of the third century were dark times indeed for the Empire. There were no fewer than 14 official emperors and numerous usurpers. The period can be broken down into three phases: further decline and anarchy to the 270s; the breakaway Gallic Empire (AD 260 - AD 274); and a period of slow recovery from the mid-270s to AD 285. James R. Wadman B.A., M.A. [History and Archaeology] for TimeLine Originals

Gordian III CoinsGordian III (238 - 244 AD)Roman Coin Main MenuRoman Coin Main Menu


Example of a Anarchy and Crisis coin we have sold recently:

Gordian III 'Gordian as Warrior' Denarius 014389

Rare Gordian III 'Gordian as Warrior' Denarius
Silver, 3.77 grams, 21.10 mm. Rome. 241 AD. Obverse: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from the back. Reverse: PM TR P III COS II P P, Gordian in military dress, standing right, holding transverse spear and globe. RIC IV-3 115; Cohen 243; Sear 8680. Rare. Good extremely fine.

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Gordian III 'Gordian as Warrior' Denarius 014389


Main Roman Coin Book and Other References:

RIC = Mattingly, Harold    The Roman Imperial Coinage
BMC = Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum
RSC = Seaby, H A    Roman Silver Coinage
RCV = Sear, David R    Roman Coins and Their Values
Cr = Crawford, Michael    The Roman Republican Coinage
SB = Sear, David R    Byzantine Coins and Their Values
S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)



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