Constans (AD 337 - AD 350)

Flavius Julius Constans was the third and youngest son of Constantine the Great and Fausta. On 25 December 333 Constantine elevated Constans to Caesar. In 337 he succeeded his father, jointly with his older brothers Constantine II and Constantius II, receiving Italy, Pannonia and Africa as his portion. Constantine II, who ruled over Gaul, Spain and Britain, attempted to take advantage of his youth and inexperience by invading Italy in 340, but Constans defeated Constantine at Aquileia, where the older brother died. In 341-2, Constans led a successful campaign against the Franks and in the early months of 343 visited Britain. In 350, the general Magnentius declared himself emperor with the support of the troops on the Rhine frontier, and later the entire Western portion of the Roman Empire. Constans lacked any support beyond his immediate household, and was forced to flee for his life. Magnentius' supporters cornered him in a fortification in Helena, southwestern Gaul, where he was killed by Magnentius's assassins.

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Constans 'Emperor on Galley' AE3 014719

Rare Constans 'Emperor on Galley' AE3
Bronze, 5.09 grams, 24.51 mm. Trier. 348-350 AD. Obverse: DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind bust. Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, Emperor in military dress standing on galley moving left, holding phoenix on globe and standard with chi-rho on banner. Victory sitting at the stern, steering the ship, A in left field, mintmark TRP in exergue. RIC VIII Trier 240; cf. Sear 3973. Rated R2. Good fine-very fine. A significant coin which has been published on wildwinds.com

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Constans 'Emperor on Galley' AE3 014719


Main Roman Coin Book and Other References:

RIC = Mattingly, Harold    The Roman Imperial Coinage
BMC = Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum
RSC = Seaby, H A    Roman Silver Coinage
RCV = Sear, David R    Roman Coins and Their Values
Cr = Crawford, Michael    The Roman Republican Coinage
SB = Sear, David R    Byzantine Coins and Their Values
S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)



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