Constantius II (AD 337 - AD 340)

Flavius Iulius Constantius was born at Sirmium (now Sremska Mitrovica in Serbia) in province of Pannonia, the third son of Constantine the Great, and second by his second wife Fausta, the daughter of Maximian. Constantius was made Caesar by his father on 13 November 324. The role of Constantius in the massacre of his relatives (those descended from the second marriage of his paternal grandfather Constantius Chlorus and Theodora) is unclear. Zosimus, writing 498-518 claims that Constantius “caused” the soldiers to murder his relatives, as opposed to actually ordering the action. Eutropius, writing between 350 and 370, writes that Constantius merely sanctioned “the act, rather than commanding it”. However, it must be noted that both of these sources are hostile to Constantius - Zosimus being a pagan, Eutropius a friend of Julian, Constantius’ cousin and, ultimately, his enemy. Whatever the case, Constantius himself, his older brother Constantine II, his younger brother Constans and three cousins, Gallus, his half-brother Julian and Nepotianus, son of Eutropia, were left as the only surviving males related to Constantine. Meeting at Sirmium not long after the massacre, the three brothers proceeded to divide the Roman Empire among them, according to their father's will. Constantine II received Britannia, Gaul and Hispania; Constans (initially under the supervision of Constantine II) Italia, Africa, Illyricum, Thrace, Macedon and Achaea; and Constantius the East.

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Constantius II 'Votive' Siliqua 022808

Scarce Constantius II 'Votive' Siliqua
Silver, 1.68 grams, 17.28 mm. Arles mint, 353-355 AD. Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right. Reverse: VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX in four lines within wreath. Mintmark PCON. RIC VIII Arles 207/253; Sear (1988) 3996. Scarce. Good very fine, with usual striking crack.
£100.00

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Constantius II 'Votive' Siliqua 022808
Constantius II 'Votive' Reduced Siliqua 021383

Constantius II 'Votive' Reduced Siliqua
Silver, 1.58 grams, 19.42 mm. Arles. 353-355 AD. Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: VOT XXX MVLTIS XXXX, in four lines within wreath. Mintmark SCON in exergue. RIC VIII Arles 261/291; RSC 342-3r; cf Sear (1988) 3996. Cracked otherwise extremely fine.
£65.00

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Constantius II 'Votive' Reduced Siliqua 021383
Constantius II 'Campgate' Follis 020225

Constantius II 'Campgate' Follis
Bronze, 3.32 grams, 19.57 mm. Cyzicus. 325-326 AD. Obverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left. Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, campgate, eight layers, two turrets, star above, no doors, dot in left field. Mintmark SMH delta in exergue. RIC VII Heraclea 97; cf Sear 3984-3985. Extremely fine. A significant coin which has been published on wildwinds.com
£50.00

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Constantius II 'Campgate' Follis 020225
Constantius II 'Campgate' AE Follis 020405

Scarce Constantius II 'Campgate' AE Follis
Bronze, 3.00 grams, 19.83 mm. Heraclea. 325-326 AD. Obverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left. Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, campgate, five layers, very narrow door opening, two turrets, star above; mintmark SMH delta. RIC VII Heraclea 78; cf Sear 3984. Good very fine.
£55.00

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Constantius II 'Campgate' AE Follis 020405
Constantius II 'Campgate' AE Follis 019211

Constantius II 'Campgate' AE Follis
Bronze, 3.57 grams, 19.90 mm. Siscia. 328-329 AD. Obverse: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left. Reverse: PROVIDEN-TIAE CAESS, Campgate, 11 layers with dots and arches in top layer, 2 turrets, star above. Mintmark Delta SIS double crescent in exergue. RIC VII Siscia 217; Sear 3985. Extremely fine/very fine and better.
£25.00

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Constantius II 'Campgate' AE Follis 019211
Constantius II 'Emperor on Galley' AE19 017216

Scarce Constantius II 'Emperor on Galley' AE19
Bronze, 3.12 grams, 18.75 mm. Thessalonica. 348-351 AD. Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, emperor standing left holding labarum and phoenix on globe; Victory sitting at the helm. Mintmark TES epsilon in exergue. RIC VIII Thessalonica 119; Sear 4002. Extremely fine.
£35.00

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Constantius II 'Emperor on Galley' AE19 017216
Constantius II Barbaric Imitation 005343

Constantius II British Barbaric Imitation 'Fel Temp Barb' AE17
Bronze, 1.59 grams, 16.63 mm. Barbaric, possibly British. approx. 350-356 AD. Obverse: Garbled legend, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right with coarse features, exaggerated hairlines and long diadem ties. Reverse: Garbled legend, soldier spearing fallen horseman who is wearing broad-brimmed helmet, seated half upright and reaching backwards; garbled mintmark in exergue. No reference. The somewhat Celtic style of the obverse seems to suggest a British source, rather than the somewhat more artistic styles of "Fel Temp" barbs made in Gaul and Germany. Most such barbaric imitations were produced as a result of the coinage shortage following the coinage reform of 348 AD. Very fine/fine.
£60.00

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Constantius II Barbaric Imitation 005343
Constantius II 'Fallen Horseman' AE17 011777

Constantius II 'Fallen Horseman' AE17
Bronze, 2.20 grams; 16.30 mm. Heraclea. 330-333 AD. Obverse: DN CONSTAN-TIVS PF AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: FEL TEMP-REPARATIO, soldier spearing fallen horseman, bearded, reaching backwards to ward off the spear; mintmark SMH delta in exergue. RIC VIII Heraclea, 90. Good very fine.
£30.00

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Constantius II 'Fallen Horseman' AE17 011777
Constantius II 'Military' AE2 007783

Die Error Constantius II 'Military' AE2
Bronze, 5.73 grams; 21.80 mm. Trier, 337 - 361 A.D. Obverse: DN CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, Diademed, draped bust right. Reverse: FEL TEMP REPARATI, Emperor in military dress standing left on galley moving left, holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi Rho banner; in the stern sits Victory steering. There is an engraver's error on the type RIC VIII Trier 218 although there seems to be a trace of (and space for) the final O. Could have been simply a broken die. Good very fine and extremely rare.
£70.00

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Constantius II 'Military' AE2 007783


Main Roman Coin Book and Other References:

RIC = Mattingly, Harold    The Roman Imperial Coinage
BMC = Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum
RSC = Seaby, H A    Roman Silver Coinage
RCV = Sear, David R    Roman Coins and Their Values
Cr = Crawford, Michael    The Roman Republican Coinage
SB = Sear, David R    Byzantine Coins and Their Values
S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)



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