Plantagenet Kings (1154 - 1399 AD)

Edward III coins
Edward III Groats (1327-1377 AD)
Despite the inauspicious manner in which Edward III came to the throne, he proved himself an adroit ruler. Edward married Phillippa of Hainault in 1328 at the age of fifteen. Within three years of his accession he felt himself powerful enough to move against the regent, Roger Mortimer, and remove him. Mortimer had many enemies among the barony, and his removal strengthened the king’s cause. Mortimer was executed and Isabella, the king’s mother, imprisoned in Castle Rising in 1330.

Edward III continued the war against the Scots, and gained several military victories but he tried to pursue his claim to the throne of France and to subdue the Scots at the same time: the war on two fronts proved too ambitious an undertaking. The Scots and French made common cause, with French fleets harrying the southern coast of England and Scots armies raiding northern England. When Phillip VI of France confiscated Edward’s hereditary French territories, the result was a protracted Anglo-French war – the Hundred Years War – which proved an enormous drain on the economy of England. Battles fought in northern France – such as Crécy, and Poitiers – bolstered the English position and almost caused the collapse of the French social system with the death of so many aristocrats. However, the early military successes were reversed when the French King John II died in captivity and was succeeded by the capable Charles V. Edward’s son, John of Gaunt, was forced to yield all English possessions in France except the three trading ports of Calais, Bordeaux and Bayonne.

In order to bolster support among the nobility, Edward created the Order of the Garter in 1348 as a military corps. The foundation marks the king’s attempt to promote an English identity among the aristocracy which had tended to see itself as French or Anglo-Norman; the wars with the French and removal of English possessions in France forced a revision in attitude.

In England, the Black Death swept through the land killing up to a third of the population and radically altering the economic situation of the labouring and manufacturing classes, whose output was now in great demand. The ruinous cost of the longstanding French and Scottish wars caused discontent among the tax-payers and the Parliament of 1376 forced personnel changes in the king’s advisors. By this time Edward was already ill and his son, John of Gaunt, was holding the reins of power. Edward died in 1377 after a fifty-year reign, leaving the throne to his ten-year-old grandson Richard (son of Edward of Woodstock, the Black Prince, who died a year before his father).

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Edward III 'London' Long Cross Halfgroat 021387

Edward III 'London' Long Cross Halfgroat
Silver, 2.09 grams, 23.52 mm. 1352-1353 AD, pre Treaty, series D. Obverse: facing bust within tressure with +EDWARDVS REX ANGLI Z FRACI legend. Reverse: long cross and pellets dividing +POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM and CIVI TAS LON DON legends for London mint. S. 1575; N. 1154. Fine, reverse better.
£45.00

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Edward III 'London' Long Cross Halfgroat 021387
Edward III 'London' Long Cross Halfgroat 025300

Edward III 'London' Long Cross Halfgroat
Silver, 2.11 grams, 21.43 mm. 1354-1355 AD, pre Treaty, series E. Obverse: facing bust with tressure with +EDWARDVS REX ANGLI FRACI legend. Reverse: long cross and pellets dividing +POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM and LON DON CIVI TAS legends for London mint. S. 1576; N. 1165. Near fine.
£40.00

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Edward III 'London' Long Cross Halfgroat 025300
Edward III 'London T.A.S. Variant' Long Cross Groat 016757

Scarce Edward III 'London T.A.S Variant' Long Cross Groat
Silver, 4.14 grams, 25.92 mm. 1356-1361 AD, pre Treaty, series G. Obverse: facing bust with lis on breast within tressure with +EDWARD D G REX ANGL Z FRANC D HYB legend with double saltire stops. Reverse: long cross and pellest dividing +POSVI DEVM ADIVTOREM MEV and CIVI T.A.S LON DON legends with pellets in T.A.S for London mint. S. 1570 variant; N. 1199. Fine.
£90.00

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Edward III 'London T.A.S. Variant' Long Cross Groat 016757
Edward III 'London' Long Cross Groat 018414

Scarce Edward III 'London' Long Cross Groat
Silver, 3.87 grams, 25.33 mm. 1351 AD, pre Treaty, series B. Obverse: facing bust within tressure with +EDWARD D G REX ANGL Z FRANC D HYB legend. Reverse: long cross and pellets dividing +POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEV and LON DON CIVI TAS legends for London mint. S. 1563; N. 1142. Good-fine.
£120.00

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Edward III 'London' Long Cross Groat 018414
Edward III 'London' Long Cross Groat 026015

Edward III 'London' Long Cross Groat
Silver, 4.26 grams, 27.12 mm. 1351 AD, Pre Treaty, series C. Obverse: facing bust within tressure with +EDWARD D G REX ANGL Z FRANC D HYB legend. Reverse: long cross and pellets dividing +POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEV and LON DON CIVI TAS legends for London mint. S. 1565; N.1147. Fine and better.
£60.00

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Edward III 'London' Long Cross Groat 026015
Edward III 'York' Pre Treaty Groat 026206

Extremely Rare Edward III 'York' Pre Treaty Groat
Silver, 4.51 grams, 26.93 mm. 1352-1353 AD, series D. Obverse: facing bust within tressure with +EDWARD REX ANGL Z FRANC D HYB legend with 'cross 1a' mintmark. Reverse: long cross and pellets dividing +POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEV with 'cross 1' mintmark and CIVI TAS EBO RACI legends for York mint. S. 1571; N. 1153. Good fine. This coin appears to be a true Series D issue, rather than the mule variety usually seen with lettering of the same form to obverse and reverse; as such, extremely rare.
£450.00

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Edward III 'York' Pre Treaty Groat 026206
Edward III 'London Post Treaty' Groat 027065

Edward III 'London Post Treaty' Tealby Groat
Silver, 4.13 grams, 27.94 mm. 1369-1377 AD, series C. Obverse: facing bust in tressure with EDWARD DI G REX ANGL FRANC D HYB legend. Reverse: long cross and pellets with POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEV and LON DON CIVI TAS legends for London mint. S. 1637; N. 1286. Fine.
£65.00

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Edward III 'London Post Treaty' Groat 027065
Edward III 'London Mint' Groat 024642

Edward III 'London Mint' Groat
Silver, 4.48 grams, 26.56 mm. Pre-Treaty with French title, Fourth coinage, Series D; 1351-1361 AD. Obverse: crowned facing bust in tressure of arcs with +EDWARD D G REX ANGLI Z FRANC D HYB legend, with cross 1 mintmark. Reverse: long cross with three pellets in each quadrant dividing outer and inner legends +POSVI DEVMA DIVTOR EMMEV and CIVI TAS LONDON for London mint, R with normal tail. S. 1566. Good fine.
£140.00

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Edward III 'London Mint' Groat 024642
Edward III 'London Mint' Halfgroat 022076

Edward III 'London Mint' Halfgroat
Silver, 2.25 grams, 22.24 mm. Pre-Treaty with French title, Series C; 1351-1352 AD. Obverse: crowned facing bust in tressure of arcs with +EDWARD D G REX ANGLI Z FRANC legend, with cross 1 mintmark. Reverse: long cross with three pellets in each quadrant dividing outer and inner legends +POSVI DEVA DIVTOR EM and CIVI TAS LONDON for London mint, R with wedge-shaped tail, same mintmark. S. 1574. Good fine.
£65.00

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Edward III 'London Mint' Halfgroat 022076
Edward III 'York Mint' Groat 024706

Edward III 'York Mint' Groat
Silver, 4.45 grams, 28.24 mm. Pre-Treaty with French title, Series E; 1351-1361 AD. Obverse: crowned facing bust in tressure of arcs with +EDWARD D G REX ANGLI Z FRANC D HYB legand. Reverse: long cross with three pellets in each quadrant dividing outer and inner legends +POSVI DEVMA DIVTOR EMMEV and CIVI TAS EBO RACI, for the mint at York, with nick in V. S. 1572; N. 1163. Good fine.

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Edward III 'York Mint' Groat 024706


Hammered Coin Book and Other References:

S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
N = English Hammered Coinage by J J North
SI = Sterling Imitations of Edwardian Type by M J Mayhew
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)



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