Further Decline [Part 1] (238 - 270s AD)

Despite the worsening state of the Empire, Philip the Arab (AD 244-249) created a superb series of coins in AD 248 to celebrate the millennium of the foundation of Rome. The emperors Valerian (AD 253 - AD 260) and his son, Gallienus (AD 253-AD 268), had to deal with several invasions of the Empire by German tribes and by the Persians. The defeat and capture of Valerian by the Persians was a humiliating disaster for the Empire and marked the nadir of Rome's fortunes in the third century. The emperors Claudius II Gothicus (AD 268 - AD 270) and Quintillus (AD 270) were powerless to reverse the decline. James R. Wadman B.A., M.A. [History and Archaeology] for TimeLine Originals

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Select from the coin links below to navigate around our catalogue:

Philip I CoinsPhilip I (244 - 249 AD)
Otacilia Severa CoinsOtacilia Severa
Philip II CoinsPhilip II (247 - 249 AD)
Trebonianus Gallus CoinsTrebonianus Gallus (251 - 253 AD)
Volusian CoinsVolusian (251 - 253 AD)

Example of a Further Decline coin we have sold recently:

Philip I AC20

Philip I 'Philip Togate' Antoninianus
Silver, 4.54 grams, 23.45 mm. Rome 245 A.D. Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPVS AVG, Radiate and draped bust right. Reverse: P M TR P II COS P P, Philip togate, seated left on curule chair, holding globe and short sceptre. RIC 2b; RSC 120; Hunter 3; RCV 8943. Extremely fine.

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Philip I AC20

Main Roman Coin Book and Other References:

RIC = Mattingly, Harold    The Roman Imperial Coinage
BMC = Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum
RSC = Seaby, H A    Roman Silver Coinage
RCV = Sear, David R    Roman Coins and Their Values
Cr = Crawford, Michael    The Roman Republican Coinage
SB = Sear, David R    Byzantine Coins and Their Values
S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)

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