Plantagenet Kings (1154 - 1399 AD)

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Henry II CoinsHenry IIRichard I CoinsRichard IKing John CoinsKing John
Henry III CoinsHenry IIIEdward I CoinsEdward IEdward II CoinsEdward II
Edward III CoinsEdward IIIRichard II CoinsRichard IIHammered Coin Main MenuHammered Coins Main Menu
Coin quality declined under Henry II. To restore confidence the Short Cross penny was introduced in 1180. In 1247 the reverse design was changed to the Long Cross type. The economy began a gradual shift towards being money based rather than barter. This was met by halving the coins or cutting them into quarters. In 1279 Edward I commenced a re-coinage, the basis of which was a redesigned penny, groats (valued at four pence), halfpennies and farthings. Unsuccessful gold coins were introduced in 1343 called the double leopard or florin, leopard (half florin) and helm, with values of six shillings, three shillings and one shilling and sixpence respectively. The following year Edward was successful with the gold noble, valued at six shillings and eight pence (80 pence), half noble (three shillings and four pence = 40 pence) and, two years later, the quarter noble of one shilling and eight pence (20 pence).

We stock large quantities of Plantagenet hammered coins, including Short and Long Cross Pennies. We are constantly adding to this collection so be sure to return regularly.



An example of a coin we have sold recently:

HL 012227

Henry III 'Canterbury/Simon' Short Cross Penny
Silver, 1.39 grams; 18.32 mm. Class 7b; 1222-1236 AD. Obverse: crowned facing bust with sceptre dividing legend +HENRICVS R/EX. Reverse: short voided cross with four pellets in each quarter and legend +SIMVNONCANT for the moneyer Simon at Canterbury mint. S. 1356B; N. 979. Very fine and better.

more info
HL 012227


Hammered Coin Book and Other References:

S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
N = English Hammered Coinage by J J North
SI = Sterling Imitations of Edwardian Type by M J Mayhew
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)



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