House of Lancaster

Hammered Coin Main MenuHammered Coins Main Menu


HIV 008064

RARE Henry IV of England as King of France 'Black Coin' Denier
Billon, 1.04 grams, 19.08 mm. Rouen Circa 1422 - 1453 A.D. Obverse: Legend around three horizontal lis. Reverse: Legend around central crusader’s cross. Fine/Good Fine. All Black coins in Anglo-Gallic Coins by E.R. Duncan Elias are listed as RARE.

more info
HIV 008064


Henry V
Henry V (1413 - 1422 AD)
In his youth, Henry was merely the son of Henry Bolingbroke, a prominent noble at court. When Henry seized the throne and deposed Richard II, the young Henry became heir apparent and was granted the title ‘Prince of Wales’. During his father’s declining years, Henry took over aspects of the administration himself, and led a military campaign to put down the rebellion of Owain Glendower. From 1408 Henry had to take over the reins of power from his father, despite some resistance from elements of the royal court. He was crowned Henry V on 20th March 1413, the day after his father’s death.

Henry developed a policy of pardoning previous plotters and political outcasts in order to free himself from the worry of dealing with disaffected nobles. He suppressed the Lollards, a religious reform movement, in England but otherwise tried to outmanoeuvre his enemies through compromise. He re-introduced English as the language of court and government, overturning more than three centuries of Anglo-Norman French dominance.

Henry campaigned vigorously to bring the long-standing French war to a conclusion, regarding it as an obstruction to his diplomatic aims on the continent. His convincing victory at Agincourt in 1415 promised a swift end to the conflict, which he pursued with campaigns in Normandy and besieging Paris in 1417, forcing the French to acknowledge the right of the English king to the throne of France. Four more years of conflict in northern France occupied Henry until he contracted dysentery in 1421 and died soon after while besieging Meaux, near Paris.

King Henry’s only son was also named Henry, from his marriage to the French princess Catherine of Valois.

Henry V 'London Mint' Groat 019742

Henry V 'London Mint' Groat
Silver, 3.19 grams, 26.56 mm. Normal Bust, Class G; 1413-1422 AD. Obverse: facing bust within tressure with HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGLIE Z FRANCI legend. Reverse: long cross with three pellets in each quadrant dividing outer POSVI DEVM ADIVTOREM MEV and inner CIVITAS LONDON legends for London mint. S. 1767; N. 1388. Fine-good fine on a full flan.
£550.00

more info

Henry V 'London Mint' Groat 019742


Henry VI
Henry VI (1422 - 1461 AD)
The infant Henry succeeded his father as King of England at the age of nine months; within weeks he also acquired the French throne on the death of Charles VI under the terms of the agreement between Phillippe of France and Henry’s father. Two of Henry’s uncles, John of Bedford and Humphrey of Gloucester, acted as regents and government was conducted through a royal council. When Henry came of age in 1437, he began to pursue a policy of peace with France with his marriage to Margaret of Anjou, the niece of the Valois King Charles VII of France. The marriage terms involved ceding some English-held territory (Maine and Anjou) to the French king, a concession which angered the English nobility. By 1450, Normandy had been lost and there were signs of rebellion in England; three years later, Bordeaux fell to the French leaving Calais as England’s only continental port.


Henry VI 'Archbishop William Booth' York Long Cross Penny 026203

Scarce Henry VI 'Archbishop William Booth' York Long Cross Penny
Silver, 0.88 grams, 17.98 mm. 1454-1461 AD, Cross-Pellet issue, Archbishop William Booth. Obverse: facing bust with pellets by crown, saltires by neck and leaf on breast with +HENxRICxREXxANGLI legend with saltire stops and within king's name. Reverse: long cross with cross-in-quatrefoil at centre and pellets with extra pellet to two quarters dividing CIVI TAS EBO RACI legend for York mint. S. 1940; N. 1521. Good fine. The saltire within king's name unusual.
£75.00

more info

Henry VI 'Archbishop William Booth' York Long Cross Penny 026203
Henry VI 'Annulet / Rosette Mascle Mule' Groat 025848

Rare Henry VI 'Annulet / Rosette Mascle Mule' Groat
Silver, 3.69 grams, 25.99 mm. Annulet issue, 1422-30 / Rosette-mascle issue, 1430-31. Obverse: crowned facing bust in tressure of arcs with annulet to each side of neck and with legend HENRIC DI GRA REX ANG Z FRANC with 'pierced cross' initial mark. Reverse: long cross with three pellets in each quadrant dividing outer and inner legends POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM and VIL LA CALI SIE for the mint at Calais with rosette stops after POSVI and SIE with 'plain cross' initial mark. S. 1836/7, 1859. Very fine.
£295.00

more info

Henry VI 'Annulet / Rosette Mascle Mule' Groat 025848
Henry VI 'London Mint' Leaf Mascle Halfpenny 022517

Henry VI 'London Mint' Leaf Mascle Halfpenny
Silver, 0.46 grams, 13.30 mm. 1434-1435 AD. Obverse: facing bust with leaf on breast with +HENRIC REX ANGLI legend with mascle before REX. Reverse: long cross and pellets dividing CIVI TAS LON DON legend for London mint. S. 1895; N. 1480. Very fine.
£120.00

more info

Henry VI 'London Mint' Leaf Mascle Halfpenny 022517
UNRECORDED Henry VII 'London Mint' Long Cross Halfpenny O22762

UNRECORDED Henry VII 'London Mint' Long Cross Halfpenny
Silver, 0.32 grams, 11.27 mm. 1485-1509 AD, Class III (new variant). Obverse: facing bust with single-arched crown and H D G REX ANGLIE legend with ornate lettering, double saltire stops and 'lis-over-rose' mintmark. Reverse: long cross and pellets dividing CIVI TAS LON DON legend for London mint. S. 2244; N. 1734 (but see N. 1732 for reference to this mintmark on open crown types). Fine, a little weak at centres, extremely rare, unique?
£120.00

more info

UNRECORDED Henry VII 'London Mint' Long Cross Halfpenny O22762
Henry VI 'Calais/ Trefoil Issue' Long Cross Groat 014989

Rare Henry VI 'Calais/Trefoil Issue' Long Cross Groat
Silver, 3.08 grams, 26.09 mm. Trefoil Issue; 1438-1443 AD. Obverse: crowned facing bust in tressure of arcs with trefoil to each side of neck and leaf on breast and with legend HENRIC DI GRA REX ANG Z FRANC with 'Cross Patonce' initial mark and trefoil stops after DI and GRA. Reverse: long cross with three pellets in each quadrant dividing outer and inner legends POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM and VIL LA CALI SIE for the mint at Calais with trefoil stop after LA. S. 1911; N. 1497. Good fine on a slightly small flan but rare.
£450.00

more info

Henry VI 'Calais/ Trefoil Issue' Long Cross Groat 014989


Henry VI
Henry VI Restored (October 1470 - April 1471 AD)

Disaffection with Henry’s rule grew and the king lost the will to deal with it, allowing some nobles to become dangerously powerful. During this period, the Duke of York arrogated the place of regent and declared himself ‘Protector of the Realm’ in 1454. Henry’s reaction to this development sparked the Wars of the Roses which ended temporarily with Henry’s imprisonment in 1461. The victorious Edward of York ruled as Edward VI. His reign did not last long due to disagreement with some of his main supporters including Richard of Warwick, who eventually managed to replace Henry on the throne in 1470 although he only lived a few more months and was imprisoned in the Tower of London by the ascendant Edward VI. With his death, the House of Lancaster ended after only three generations.

Henry VI 'London Mint' Restoration Groat 010754

Henry VI 'London Mint' Restoration Groat
Silver, 2.60 grams; 26.15 mm. Second Reign, Restoration Cross initial marks; October 1470-April 1471 AD. Obverse: crowned facing bust in tressure of nine arcs with legend +HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGL Z FRANC with Rs that appear as Bs in legends. Reverse: long cross with three pellets in each quarter dividing outer and inner legends +POSVI DEVM A DIVTOR E MEVM and CIVI TAS LON DON for London mint. S. 2082; N. 1617. Good very fine.

more info
Henry VI 'London Mint' Restoration Groat 010754


Hammered Coin Book and Other References:

S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
N = English Hammered Coinage by J J North
SI = Sterling Imitations of Edwardian Type by M J Mayhew
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)



Back to previous pageBack to previous page