House of Tudor

Henry VII coins
Henry VII (1485 - 1509 AD)
Henry Tudor came to the throne of England after deposing Richard III, thus ending the conflicts of the Wars of the Roses. His grandfather had served Henry V with distinction at Agincourt and rose to become a member of the minor nobility, allegedly marrying Henry V’s widow, Catherine of Valois, in secret. His mother, Margaret Beaufort, was also descended from John of Gaunt. Henry’s legal entitlement to the throne was tenuous, but at the time of his victory over Richard III there was no other claimant with sufficient support to sustain his claim; there would be several more attempts to raise support for ‘pretenders’ during his reign.

Henry’s reign was characterized by fiscal prudence, maintenance of peace and support for economic growth. In contrast to the turmoil of the Wars of the Roses, Henry had no military ambitions and used the threat of force only as a means of securing favourable peace terms. He promoted shipbuilding and strengthened commercial links with the continent.

King Henry’s eldest son, Arthur, died in 1502 leaving his younger brother, Henry, as heir apparent; having already begun negotiations for Prince Arthur to marry Catherine of Aragon, the king substituted Prince Henry for his late brother.

Henry’s coronation ushered in the Tudor dynasty. His death in 1509 was probably due to progressive illness; he was succeeded by his son Henry VIII.

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Henry VII 'London' Long Cross Farthing 022112

Extremely Rare Henry VII 'London' Long Cross Farthing
Silver, 0.32 grams, 9.51 mm, inner circles 6.54 mm. 1485-1509 AD. Obverse: facing bust with arched crown. Reverse: long cross and pellets dividing CIVI TAS LON DON legend for London mint. S. 2250, N. 1739. Good.
£250.00

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Henry VII 'London' Long Cross Farthing 022112
Henry VII 'London' Long Cross Farthing 025653

Extremely Rare Henry VII 'London' Long Cross Farthing
Silver, 0.27 grams, 11.68 mm, inner circles 6.54 mm. 1485-1509 AD. Obverse: facing bust with arched crown. Reverse: long cross and pellets dividing CIVI TAS LON DON legend for London mint. S. 2250, N. 1739. Fine.

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Henry VII 'London' Long Cross Farthing 025653
Henry VII 'Cross-Crosslet 1504-07' Tower Mint Groat 027311

Henry VII 'Cross-Crosslet 1504-07' Tower Mint Groat
Silver, 2.14 grams, 27.02 mm. Circa 1504-1507 AD. Regular issue. Obverse: profile bust with triple band to crown and HENRIC VII DI GRA REX AGL Z F legend with 'cross-crosslet' mintmark. Reverse: long cross over arms with POSVI DEV ADIVTORE MEV legend. S. 2258; N. 1747. Very fine, old tone.

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Henry VII 'Cross-Crosslet 1504-07' Tower Mint Groat 027311
Henry VII 'Archbishop Savage' Shield Back Halfgroat 022932

Unrecorded Henry VII 'Archbishop Savage' Shield Back Halfgroat
Silver, 1.20 grams, 21.07 mm. York mint, facing bust issue, 1509. Obverse: crowned facing bust in fleured tressure of arcs and keys at neck with +HENRIC DI GRA REX AGL [ - ] legend with tall thin lettering, and 'martlet' mintmark. Reverse: shield of arms over long cross with +POSVI DEVA DIVTOR EMEV legend, with same mintmark. S. 2216/-. Good fine. An excessively rare unpublished reverse type for Henry VII.
£850.00

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Henry VII 'Archbishop Savage' Shield Back Halfgroat 022932
Henry VII 'London Mint' Penny 016764

Very Rare Henry VII 'London Mint' Penny
Silver, 0.80 grams. 17.73 mm. Old Type; 1485-1509 AD. Obverse: facing bust with HENRIC REX ANGLI legend with 'lis upon half rose' mintmark. Reverse: long cross with three pellets in each quadrant dividing CIVITAS LONDON legend for the London mint. S. 2218; N. 1718. Good fine, full flan and very rare.
£350.00

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Henry VII 'London Mint' Penny 016764
Henry VII 'Archbishop Bainbridge' Profile Halfgroat 016663

Henry VII 'Archbishop Bainbridge' Profile Halfgroat
Silver, 1.40 grams, 18.80 mm. Profile Issue; 1485-1509 AD. Obverse: profile bust with HENRIC VII DI GRA REX AGL Z legend and 'Martlet' mintmark. Reverse: long cross over shield of arms with two keys set below (for Archbishop Bainbridge) with POSVI DEV ADIVTORE MEV legend and same mintmark. S. 2262; N. 1751/1. Fine/good fine.

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Henry VII 'Archbishop Bainbridge' Profile Halfgroat 016663


Hammered Coin Book and Other References:

S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
N = English Hammered Coinage by J J North
SI = Sterling Imitations of Edwardian Type by M J Mayhew
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)



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