Julius Caesar (Dictator from 49 BC; assassinated 44 BC)

In a series of quite brilliant campaigns, Julius added a considerable amount of territory to the Roman Empire in northern France, Belgium, and even southern Great Britain, subjugating the Celts in all these territories. After the campaign, the Senate declared Julius an enemy of the state and demanded that he hand over his generalship and province. Julius, however, ordered his troops to cross the river Rubicon, which separated his province from Italy, thus committing a grave crime against the state. Civil war was fought between the two great generals, Pompey and Caesar; but in 48 BC Caesar defeated Pompey at Pharsalus in Greece. Caesar then turned his forces towards Asia Minor in a conquest so swift that Caesar described it in three words: "Veni, vidi, vici" ("I came, I saw, I conquered"). Caesar returned to Rome in 46 BC and had the Senate appoint him Dictator. He was given imperium over the Roman Empire and was, for all practical purposes, above the law and the constitution. The Romans, proud of their Republican tradition, deeply resented his power, and on 15th March 44 BC, a group of conspirators, led by Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus, assassinated Caesar as he entered the Senate.

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Julius Caesar 'Venus' Denarius 025961

Very Rare Julius Caesar 'Venus' Portrait Denarius
Silver, 3.54 grams, 19.30. Rome. 44 BC. Obverse: CAESAR IMP, laureate head of Julius Caesar right, lituus and simpulum behind head. Reverse: M METTIVS, Venus standing left, holding Victory and sceptre, resting elbow on a shield placed on a globe. Issue letter G in left field. Mettia 4; Julia 32; Cr 480/3; RSC 34; Syd 1056; Sear -. Good very fine. Marcus Mettius was a military lieutenant of Julius Caesar, this is the earliest of Caesar's portrait types. A significant coin which has been published on wildwinds.com
£2,850.00

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Julius Caesar 'Venus' Denarius 025961
Julius Caesar 'Trophy' Denarius 025956

Julius Caesar 'Trophy' Denarius
Silver, 3.85 grams, 18.79 mm. Spanish mint. 46-45 BC. Obverse: diademed head of Venus right, Cupid on her shoulder, banker's mark on cheek. Reverse: CAESAR below, Gallia and Gallic captive seated beneath trophy of Gallic arms. RSC 13; Sydenham 1014; Crawford 468/1; Sear 1404. Good fine and better, with interesting Banker's mark.
£450.00

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Julius Caesar 'Trophy' Denarius 025956
Julius Caesar 'Aeneas and His Father' Denarius 026189

Julius Caesar 'Aeneas and His Father' Denarius
Silver, 3.64 grams, 18.34 mm. Mint in Africa. 47-46 BC. Obverse: no legend, diademed head of Venus right. Reverse: CAESAR to right of Aeneas walking left, carrying his father Anchises on his shoulder and Palladium in his right hand. RSC 12; Crawford 458/1; Sydenham 1013; Sear 1402. Good fine-fine.
£475.00

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Julius Caesar 'Aeneas and His Father' Denarius 026189
Julius Caesar 'Gallia and Gallic' Denarius 026238

Julius Caesar 'Gallia and Gallic' Denarius
Silver, 3.79 grams. 46-45 BC. Spanish mint. Obverse: diademed head of Venus right, Cupid on her shoulder (off flan, but Cupid's arm is visible). Reverse: CAESAR below Gallia and Gallic captive seated beneath trophy of Gallic arms. RSC 13; Sydenham 1014; Crawford 468/1; Sear 1404. Good very fine, struck slightly off centre.
£450.00

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Julius Caesar 'Gallia and Gallic' Denarius 026238
Julius Caesar 'Priestly Implements' Denarius 025642

Julius Caesar 'Priestly Implements' Denarius
Silver, 2.81 grams, 17.22 mm. Utica. 46 BC. Obverse: COS TERT DICT ITER, head of Ceres right, wreathed with corn. Reverse: AVGVR PONT MAX above and beneath simpulum, sprinkler, capis and lituus, D or M to right. Sydenham 1023; Sear 1403. Very fine.
£350.00

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Julius Caesar 'Priestly Implements' Denarius 025642


Main Roman Coin Book and Other References:

RIC = Mattingly, Harold    The Roman Imperial Coinage
BMC = Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum
RSC = Seaby, H A    Roman Silver Coinage
RCV = Sear, David R    Roman Coins and Their Values
Cr = Crawford, Michael    The Roman Republican Coinage
SB = Sear, David R    Byzantine Coins and Their Values
S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)



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