Licinius I (AD 308 - AD 324)

Valerius Licinianus Licinius was of Dacian peasant origin, born in Moesia Superior, Licinius accompanied his close childhood friend, the Emperor Galerius, on the Persian expedition in 297. After the death of Flavius Valerius Severus, Galerius elevated Licinius to the rank of Augustus in the West on November 11, 308. He received as his immediate command the provinces of Illyricum, Thrace and Pannonia. On the death of Galerius, in May 311, Licinius shared the eastern empire with Maximinus Daia. In March 313 he married Flavia Julia Constantia, half-sister of Constantine, at Mediolanum (now Milan); they had a son, Licinius the Younger, in 315. In the following month, on April 30, Licinius inflicted a decisive defeat on Maximinus at the Battle of Tzirallum, after Maximinus had tried attacking him. Then, Licinius established himself master of the East, while his brother-in-law, Constantine, was supreme in the West. In 314, a civil war erupted between Licinius and Constantine, in which Constantine prevailed at the Battle of Cibalae in Pannonia (October 8, 314) and again two years later, when Licinius named Valerius Valens co-emperor, in the plain of Mardia (also known as Campus Ardiensis) in Thrace. The emperors were reconciled after these two battles and Licinius had his co-emperor Valens killed.

Licinius' fleet of 350 ships was defeated by Constantine I's fleet in 323. In 324, Constantine, tempted by the "advanced age and unpopular vices" of his colleague, again declared war against him, and, having defeated his army of 170,000 men at the Battle of Adrianople (July 3, 324), succeeded in shutting him up within the walls of Byzantium. The defeat of the superior fleet of Licinius in the Battle of the Hellespont by Crispus, Constantine’s eldest son and Caesar, compelled his withdrawal to Bithynia, where a last stand was made; the Battle of Chrysopolis, near Chalcedon (September 18), resulted in Licinius' final submission. While Licinius' co-emperor Sextus Martinianus was killed, Licinius himself was spared due to the pleas of his wife, Constantine's sister, and interned at Thessalonica. The next year, Constantine had him killed, accusing him of conspiring to raise troops among the barbarians.

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Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 021093

Licinius I 'Genius' Follis
Bronze, 4.47 grams, 23.59 mm. Trier. 310-313 AD. Obverse: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO-POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae, T-F across fields. Mintmark PTR in exergue. RIC VI Trier 845b; Sear 3796. Good very fine.
£35.00

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Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 021093
Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 021085

Licinius I 'Genius' Follis
Bronze, 4.47 grams, 23.14 mm. Trier. 310-313 AD. Obverse: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO-POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae, T-F across fields. Mintmark PTR in exergue. RIC VI Trier 845b; Sear 3796. Good very fine.

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Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 021085
Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 021113

Licinius I 'Genius' Follis
Bronze, 4.23 grams, 22.43 mm. Trier. 310-313 AD. Obverse: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae. T-F across fields. Mintmark PTR in exergue. RIC VI Trier 845b; cf Sear 3796. Extremely fine.
£45.00

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Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 021113
Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 021090

Licinius I 'Genius' Follis
Bronze, 4.78 grams, 22.97 mm. Trier. 310-313 AD. Obverse: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae. T-F across fields. Mintmark PTR in exergue. RIC VI Trier 845b; cf Sear 3796. Good very fine.
£45.00

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Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 021090
Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 021082

Licinius I 'Genius' Follis
Bronze, 5.11 grams, 23.65 mm. Trier. 310-313 AD. Obverse: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae. T-F across fields. Mintmark PTR in exergue. RIC VI Trier 845b; cf Sear 3796. Near extremely fine/good extremely fine.
£45.00

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Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 021082
Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 020134

Licinius I 'Genius' Follis
Bronze, 3.57 grams, 24.26 mm. Trier. 310-313 AD. Obverse: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae. T-F across fields. Mintmark PTR in exergue. RIC VI Trier 845b; cf Sear 3796. Extremely fine/good very fine.
£65.00

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Licinius I 'Genius' Follis 020134
Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis 021112

Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis
Bronze, 3.76 grams, 20.97 mm. Trier. 316 AD. Obverse: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO-POP ROM, Genius standing left, turret on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae, T-F across fields, mintmark BTR in exergue. RIC VI Trier 845b; cf Sear 3796. Good extremely fine.
£70.00

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Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis 021112
Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis 021100

Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis
Bronze, 3.79 grams, 22.72 mm. Trier. 310-313 AD. Obverse: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO-POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae, T-F across fields, mintmark PTR in exergue. RIC VI Trier 845b; Sear 3796. Extremely fine/very fine.
£49.00

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Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis 021100
Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis 021078

Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis
Bronze, 2.62 grams, 20.63 mm. Trier. 310-313 AD. Obverse: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO-POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae, T-F across fields, mintmark PTR in exergue. RIC VI Trier 845b; Sear 3796. Good extremely fine.
£60.00

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Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis 021078
Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis 021062

Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis
Bronze, 5.39 grams, 22.46 mm. Trier. 310-313 AD. Obverse: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO-POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae, T-F across fields, mintmark PTR in exergue. RIC VI Trier 845b; Sear 3796. Extremely fine.
£55.00

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Licinius I 'Genius' AE Follis 021062
Licinius I 'Jupiter' AE Follis 020215

Licinius I 'Jupiter' AE Follis
Bronze, 3.67 grams, 23.66 mm. Heraclea. 313 AD. Obverse: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, laureate head right. Reverse: IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter, standing facing with head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, holding Victory on globe and sceptre, eagle with wreath at foot left, Delta in right field, mintmark SMHT in exergue. RIC VI Heraclea 73; cf Sear 3804. Extremely fine.
£40.00

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Licinius I 'Jupiter' AE Follis 020215
Licinius I 'Votive' AE Silvered Follis 020206

Rare Licinius I 'Votive' AE Silvered Follis
Bronze, 3.18 grams, 18.94 mm. Rome. 318-319 AD. Obverse: IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, laureate head right. Reverse: DN LICINI AVGVSTI, around VOT XX within wreath. Mintmark RS in exergue. RIC VII Rome 233 (Rated R1); cf Sear 3801. Fleur De Coin.
£75.00

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Licinius I 'Votive' AE Silvered Follis 020206


Main Roman Coin Book and Other References:

RIC = Mattingly, Harold    The Roman Imperial Coinage
BMC = Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum
RSC = Seaby, H A    Roman Silver Coinage
RCV = Sear, David R    Roman Coins and Their Values
Cr = Crawford, Michael    The Roman Republican Coinage
SB = Sear, David R    Byzantine Coins and Their Values
S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)



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