Maximian (AD 286 - AD 310)

Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius, commonly referred to as Maximian, was Caesar from July 285 and Augustus from April 1, 286 to May 1, 305. He shared the latter title with his co-emperor and superior, Diocletian, whose political brain complemented Maximian's military brawn. Maximian established his residence at Trier but spent most of his time on campaign. In the late summer of 285, he suppressed rebels in Gaul known as the Bagaudae. From 285 to 288, he fought against Germanic tribes along the Rhine frontier. In late 306, Maximian took the title of Augustus again and aided his son Maxentius' rebellion in Italy. In April 307, he attempted to depose his son, but failed and fled to the court of Constantius' successor, Constantine, in Trier. At the Council of Carnuntum in November 308, Diocletian and his successor, Galerius, forced Maximian to renounce his imperial claim again. In early 310, Maximian attempted to seize Constantine's title while the emperor was on campaign on the Rhine. Few supported him, and he was captured by Constantine in Marseille. Maximian committed suicide in the summer of 310 on Constantine's orders.

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Maximian 'Genius' AE Follis 021099

Maximian 'Genius' AE Follis
Bronze, 7.07 grams, 24.80 mm. London. 307 AD. Obverse: DN MAXIMIANO PF S AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: GENIO-POP ROM, Genius standing left, tower on head, loins draped, holding patera and cornucopiae, mintmark PLN in exergue. RIC VI London 85; Sear 3646. Good very fine.
£60.00

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Maximian 'Genius' AE Follis 021099
Maximianus 'Jupiter' Antoninianus 016953

Rare Overstrike Maximianus 'Jupiter' Antoninianus
Bronze, 3.22 grams, 27.11 mm. Rome. 285-286 AD. Obverse: IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, radiate and draped bust right. Reverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG, Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre. Mintmark XXIA in exergue. Overstruck on an earlier follis with traces of the original legend (X..O and the remains of an image at top right and in the lower right field of the reverse). RIC V-2 506; Sear 3616. Good very fine/very fine.
£39.00

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Maximianus 'Jupiter' Antoninianus 016953
Maximianus Herculeus 'Genius' AE Follis 017213

Excessively Rare, Unpublished? Maximianus Herculeus 'Genius' AE Follis
Bronze, 12.20 grams, 26.70 mm. Serdica. 303-305 AD. Obverse: IMP C dot MA dot MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, laureate head right. Reverse: GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI, Genius standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys over left shoulder, holding patera from which liquid flows, and cornucopiae; Gamma in right field; mintmark SM dot SD dot in exergue. RIC VI Serdica 3b var (dots in obv. legend); cf Sear 3633. RIC does not list dots in the obverse legend. Extremely fine with much of the original silvering still remaining. A significant coin which has been published on wildwinds.com
£90.00

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Maximianus Herculeus 'Genius' AE Follis 017213


Main Roman Coin Book and Other References:

RIC = Mattingly, Harold    The Roman Imperial Coinage
BMC = Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum
RSC = Seaby, H A    Roman Silver Coinage
RCV = Sear, David R    Roman Coins and Their Values
Cr = Crawford, Michael    The Roman Republican Coinage
SB = Sear, David R    Byzantine Coins and Their Values
S = Coins of England and the United Kingdom
WW = Wildwinds.com (reference & attribution site)



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