Norman Antiquities For Sale (1066 - 1135 AD)

Norman involvement in English affairs goes back to the early yaers of the 11th century. When King Æthelred's grip on the throne was loosened after decades of Scandinavian incursions, the king decided to go into exile in 1013 to the family of his Norman wife, Emma, and surrender England to the Viking leader, Sven (Sweyn) Forkbeard. Sven's rule lasted less than two years but the principle of dependance has been established. Æthelred eventually returned after Sven's death, but his son Eward retained strong emotional links to the Norman court and when he became king in 1051 he introduced a great many innovations into English royal life. Needless to say, these were evry unpopular with the Englsh and Anglo-Danich aristocracy who regarded the Normans with suspicion. The Norman state had only been founded a century before in 911 AD, set up as a buffer-state to keep Scandinaians out of the French heartland by the French crown using settlers from Norway uder their leader, Hrolfr Gangr. On Edward's death, childless, in January 1066 the succession crisis was avoided by Edward's nomination of Harold Godwineson as his successor and Harold's acclamation by the Witan (royal council) and populace in the traditional Anglo-Saxon manner. Duke William fof Normandy set about regaining the crown he saw as rightfully his, and the invasion force of NOrmans and Bretons which landed in Sussex in 1066 took Harold by surprise - the king was campaigning in Yorkshire against a Norwegian invasion. Harold rushed south, William advanced on London and the two armies clashed a few miles inland. Despite a day-long struggle, Harold fell and William claimed the throne. For the next two decades the Norman regime erected castles and exacted taxes in an attempt to gain every possible advantage from their conquest. William used ruthless tactics to suppress the English, and encouraged hauteur in his favourites, the barons who divided the country among them.

The Norman regime lasted less than a century but its effects were remembered as late as the (17th century) Civil War when soldiers in Cromwell's New Model Army complained of the 'Norman Yoke' and sought to overthrow the hereditary aristocracy. Norman architecture, castles and Romanesque decorative styles are among the more obvious visual signs of the Norman invasion. Here you will find some fine artefacts from the Norman period.



Medieval Norman 'Horseman' Bronze Scabbard Mount 025427

Medieval Norman 'Horseman' Bronze Scabbard Mount
Bronze, 6.14 grams, 36.67 mm. 11th-12th century AD. A cast bronze scabbard or sheath mount depicting a helmetted horseman with teardrop shield on a caparisoned horse, with an axe over his shoulder; one of two ribbed arms to the rear of the rider. Reference: published in Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 – Late Saxon Viking & Norman, p.76, fig.1.8.5-n. Fine condition, one arm and front of horse lost in antiquity. Provenance: property of a Hampshire gentleman; acquired before 1990.
£195.00

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Medieval Norman 'Horseman' Bronze Scabbard Mount 025427
Norman 'Horse and Rider’ Chape 027071

Norman 'Horse and Rider' Chape
Bronze, 9.92 grams, 9.92 mm. Circa 11th-12th century AD. A cast openwork dagger sheath fitting in the form of an L-shaped border with figure of a mounted knight in a helm amid foliage; attachment points in th corner of the border and pierced lug below the horse. Reference: published in Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 – Late Saxon Viking & Norman, p.76, fig.1.8.5-o. Fine condition. Provenance: from a County Durham collection.
£225.00

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Norman 'Horse and Rider’ Chape 027071
Norman 'Beast Headed' Romanesque Strap Connecter 024622

Norman 'Beast Headed' Romanesque Strap Connecter
Copper-alloy, 65 grams, 46.83 mm. Circa 12th century AD. A cast copper-alloy fitting comprising a central ovoid bulb with a loop at each end. Each loop is formed as a round-section bar attached to the bulb by two Romanesque Style animal heads. Around the circumference of the bulb is a shallow incision. The fitting clearly belongs to the same kind of leash or strap furniture suite seen on Anglo-Norman swivel mounts, but lacks the rotating elements and is three to four times heavier than the swivels. Reference: cf. Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 - Late Saxon, Late Viking & Norman, p.99-100, items 1.13o-s. Very fine condition. Provenance: from an old English collection.
£175.00

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Norman 'Beast Headed' Romanesque Strap Connecter 024622
Anglo-Norman 'Rotating' Swivel Mount 023852

Anglo-Norman 'Rotating' Swivel Mount
Copper-alloy, 19.49 grams, 38.95 mm. 11th-12th century AD. A pair of cast copper-alloy swivel-mount rings, each loop formed as a pair of opposed zoomorphic heads clutching the swivel-half in its jaws. Reference: cf. Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 - Late Saxon, Late Viking & Norman, p.99-100, items 1.13o-s. Very fine condition, complete and articulated. Provenance: found Tilbury, Essex, UK.

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Anglo-Norman 'Rotating' Swivel Mount 023852
Norman 'Zoomorphic' Buckle 023044

Very Rare Norman 'Zoomorphic' Buckle
Copper-alloy, 13.11 grams, 27.78 mm. Circa 12th century AD. A cast copper-alloy buckle in the form of a grotesque animal head. The buckle is formed as a hollow bulb with a large opening to the rear and smaller to the lower front; the rear opening features a round-section bar to which the fixed end of the belt or strap was attached. The edges of the openings are decorated with ribbed borders which also define zones around the mouth, cheeks, brow and ears. The eyes are elliptical, the ears triangular and the snout D-shaped and everted. The buckle is unusual in its size and rotundity, although executed in the Romanesque style. Reference: Backhouse, J., Turner, D.H. and Webster, L. The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art: 966-1066, London, 1984 item 274, 275. Extremely fine condition. Provenance: from an old collection.
£375.00

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Norman 'Zoomorphic' Buckle 023044
Anglo-Norman 'Zoomorphic' Swivel Mount 010823

Anglo-Norman 'Zoomorphic' Swivel Mount
Copper-alloy, 15.86 grams, 44.87mm. 11th-12th century AD. A pair of cast swivel-mount rings, each loop formed as a pair of opposed zoomorphic heads clutching the swivel-half in its jaws. The swivel was probably developed to prevent tangling in the leashes of hunting dogs. Reference: Published in Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 - Late Saxon, Late Viking & Norman, p.100, item 1.13-s. Good very fine condition, complete and articulated. Provenance: found Norfolk, England.
£125.00

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Anglo-Norman 'Zoomorphic' Swivel Mount 010823
Anglo-Norman 'T-shaped pierced' Openwork Bulbed Strap End 019484

Anglo-Norman 'T-shaped pierced' Openwork Bulbed Strap End
Copper-alloy, 13.79 grams, 42.82 mm. Circa 11th century AD. A cast ball-ended strap end with slightly expanding profile. The outer zone features two circular piercings, terminating in three globular projections. Behind this, the field bears a T-shaped piercing and a double ridged border. The rear edge of the piece features a stepped recess, probably the remains of a cruciform piercing at the point of fracture. Two attachment rivets are in place on the reverse. Reference: published in Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 - Late Saxon, Late Viking & Norman, p.47, item 1.3-n(a); Backhouse, J., Turner, D.H., and Webster, L. The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art 966-1066, London, 1984. Very fine condition. Provenance: found at Skirpenbeck, Yorkshire, England and recorded with the PAS under reference: YORYM-7DBOC0.
£70.00

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Anglo-Norman 'T-shaped pierced' Openwork Bulbed Strap End 019484
Anglo-Norman 'Ring-and-Dot' Knife Pommel 018137

Anglo-Norman 'Ring-and-Dot' Knife Pommel
Copper-alloy, 21.77 grams, 25.39 mm. 11th-12th century AD. A slotted knife pommel of late Saxon or Norman provenance. The elongated bulbous terminal extends to a rectangular panel, into the underside of which is inserted a rectangular slot. The edges bear cast incised lines; one of the broad faces bears three columns of ring-and-dot decoration, while the other features a saltire with ring-and-dot motifs in the quadrants. The two piercings are in one face only, suggesting that the pommel was pinned to a solid surface, probably the wooden or bone handle of a knife. Reference: published in Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 - Late Saxon, Late Viking & Norman, p.71, item 1.8.4-c. Good very fine condition. Provenance: from an old English collection, found Kent.
£90.00

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Anglo-Norman 'Ring-and-Dot' Knife Pommel 018137
Anglo-Norman 'Penannular' Fitting/Arm Ring 014085

Anglo-Norman 'Penannular' Fitting/Arm Ring
Copper-alloy, 205 grams, 100.58 mm. 11th-12th century AD. A robust cast fitting with zoomorphic terminals in the form of confronted beast-heads with protrusive circular eyes, bulbous brows, square muzzles, swept-back fan-shaped ears and detailing beneath the jaws resembling gills. Stylistically the heads resemble the 'beast-head terminals' of Anglo-Norman art, melding the Anglo-Saxon zoomorphictradition with the Norman Romanesque design. The ring is substantial and clearly intended to take some strain. There are signs of wear below one of the heads, about a quarter turn from the break. Reference: Backhouse, J., Turner, D.H., Webster, L. The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art 966-1066, London, 1984, p.208-9 items 274-5. Very fine condition. Provenance: from an old English collection, found Greenhithe, Kent, England.
£850.00

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Anglo-Norman 'Penannular' Fitting/Arm Ring 014085
Norman 'Zoomorphic' Swivel Mount 013905

Norman 'Zoomorphic' Swivel Mount
Copper-alloy, 11.71 grams, 35.52 mm. 11th-12th century AD. A pair of cast swivel-mount rings, each loop formed as a pair of opposed zoomorphic heads. The swivel is created from two hemispherical sections, one with a pin and the other pierced. The pin is inserted through the piercing and flattened over to trap it. There are transverse bands on the lower parts of the swivel halves. The piece is complete and still articulated. These mounts were used to strengthen the point where a leather strap had to turn freely through a wide arc. Reference: published in Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 - Late Saxon, Late Viking & Norman, p.99, item 1.13-o. Good very fine condition.
£225.00

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Norman 'Zoomorphic' Swivel Mount 013905
Norman 'Ribbed Zoomorph' Swivel Mount 013904

Norman 'Ribbed Zoomorph' Swivel Mount
Copper-alloy, 15.76 grams, 45.17mm. 11th-12th century AD. A pair of cast swivel-mount rings, each loop formed as a pair of opposed zoomorphic heads clutching the swivel-half in its jaws. These mounts were used to strengthen the point where a strap had to turn freely through a wide arc. The loops are segmented with transverse banding, which extends on to the swivel halves. The swivel is created from two hemispherical sections, one with a pin and the other pierced. The pin is inserted through the piercing and flattened over to trap it. The piece is complete and articulated. Reference: published in Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 - Late Saxon, Late Viking & Norman, p.100, item 1.13.q. Good very fine condition.
£295.00

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Norman 'Ribbed Zoomorph' Swivel Mount 013904
Norman 'Zoomorphic' Tagged Swivel Mount 013903

Norman 'Zoomorphic' Tagged Swivel Mount
Copper-alloy, 20.11 grams, 63.71 mm. 11th-12th century AD. A pair of cast swivel-mount rings, each loop formed as a pair of opposed zoomorphic heads clutching the swivel-half in its jaws. The attachment tags are still in place, which were riveted in three places to the leather straps. The loops are segmented with transverse banding, which extends on to the swivel halves. The swivel is created from two hemispherical sections, one with a pin and the other pierced. The pin is inserted through the piercing and flattened over to trap it. The piece is complete and articulated. Reference: published in Hammond, B. British Artefacts Volume 3 - Late Saxon, Late Viking & Norman, p.100, item 1.13-p. Extremely fine condition.
£285.00

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Norman 'Zoomorphic' Tagged Swivel Mount 013903


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