NP 010486

NP 010486
Extremely Rare Harold II 'PAX' Penny
Silver, 1.24 grams; 19.37 mm. 1066 A.D. Obverse: +HAROLD REX A[ ], Crowned side profile bust of Harold II left. Reverse: PAX between two lines in centre, OVIÐVLF ON EOFERP, Moneyer Authulfr at York. Recorded with the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge University as: EMC: 2008.0031. S 1186; N 836. This is the only example of this moneyer recorded on the Early Medieval Corpus at the Fitzwilliam Museum [EMC]. Good fine/good very fine and excessively rare. Found near Malton, North Yorkshire North, England (SE 7871).

Harold Godwinson, (circa 1022 - October 14, 1066 A.D.) also known as Harold II, is widely regarded as the last Anglo-Saxon King of England before the Norman Conquest. Harold reigned from January 5 1066 until his death at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October of that same year, fighting the Norman invaders, led by William the Conqueror.

Harold's father was Godwin, the powerful Earl of Wessex believed to be a son of Wulfnoth Cild. Godwin married twice, both times to Danish women of high rank. His first wife was the Danish princess Thyra Sveinsdóttir, one of the daughters of Sweyn I of Denmark and Norway. His second wife was Gytha Thorkelsdóttir, whose brother or cousin Ulf Jarl was the son-in-law of Sweyn I and the father of Sweyn II of Denmark. Gytha and Ulf were allegedly grandchildren to the legendary Swedish Viking Styrbjörn the Strong (a disinherited prince of Sweden) and great-grandchildren to Harold Bluetooth, King of Denmark and Norway. This second marriage resulted in the birth of several children, notably two sons, Harold and Tostig Godwinson, and a daughter, Edith of Wessex (1020-75 A.D.), who became the Queen consort of Edward the Confessor.
 
This item was accompanied by an illustrated Certificate of Authenticity.

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